ICCM Conferences, The 8th International Conference on Computational Methods (ICCM2017)

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A four-noded triangular (Tr4) element for solid mechanics problems with curved boundaries
Junhong Yue, G.R. Liu, R.P. Niu, Ming Li

Last modified: 2017-06-26


Linear triangular elements with 3 nodes (Tr3) were the earliest, simplest and most widely used in finite element (FE) developed for solving mechanics and other physics problems. The most important advantages of the Tr3 elements are the simplicity, ease in generation, and excellent adaptation to any complicated geometry with straight boundaries. However, it cannot model well the geometries with curved boundaries, which is known as one of the major drawbacks. In this paper, a four-noded triangular (Tr4) element with one curved edge is first used to model the curved boundaries. Two types of shape functions of Tr4 elements have been presented, which can be applied to FEM models based on the isoparametric formulation. FE meshes can be created with mixed linear Tr3 and the proposed Tr4 (Tr3-4) elements, with Tr3 elements for interior and Tr4 elements for the curved boundaries. Compared to the pure FEM-Tr3, the FEM-Tr3-4 can significantly improve the accuracy of the solutions on the curved boundaries because of accurate approximation of the curved boundaries. Several solid mechanics problems are conducted, which validates the effectiveness of FEM models using mixed Tr3-4 meshes.


finite element method; curved boundaries; four-noded triangular element; Gaussian integration

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